Renewable energy sources
|Updated: 8.12.2017 - Next update: 11.12.2018|
Use of renewable energy at record level in 2016
According to Statistics Finland, total consumption of energy in Finland amounted to 1.36 million terajoules (TJ) in 2016, which corresponded to a growth of four per cent compared with the previous year. The consumption of electricity totalled 85.2 terawatt hours (TWh), which was three per cent more than in the previous year. The use of renewable energy sources grew by two per cent, rising to a new record level. Renewables covered 34 per cent of total energy consumption and according to preliminary data, barely 39 per cent of end use. The consumption of fossil fuels also rose by seven per cent.
The share of renewable energy in total energy consumption was 34 per cent in 2016. Wood fuels remained the biggest energy sources in Finland and their share of total energy consumption was 26 per cent. The consumption of wind power grew by 32 per cent and energy extracted with heat pumps from the environment by 23 per cent. The consumption of biofuels in transport, in turn, fell by 64 per cent from the record level of two preceding years. Annual variation in the consumption of biofuels is caused by Finland's biofuel legislation, which allows the distributors to fulfil the bio obligation flexibly in advance. Although the consumption of renewable energy sources rose compared with the previous year, their share of total energy consumption and also of end consumption declined slightly. This is because the amount of other fuels simultaneously grew more than renewable energy sources.
EU targets for renewable energy are calculated relative to total final energy consumption. Calculated in this manner, the share of renewable energy was barely 39 per cent in Finland in 2016 based on preliminary data. Finland's target for the share of renewable energy is 38 per cent of final energy consumption in 2020, and this target was reached for the first time in 2014.
Statistics Finland / Energy consumption
Description of indicator
A common feature of renewable energy sources is that their sustainable use does not deplete their stocks in the long term. The goal of increasing the use of renewable energy sources is closely related to sustainable development and actions that do not limit the options of future generations.
Growth in the use of renewable energy sources is connected with climate agreements and curbing climate warming. Although the key motivation for increasing the use of renewable energy is reducing greenhouse gas emissions, use of renewable energy sources also promotes use of bioenergy and other domestic energy, steers society to invest in research and product development, and improves and maintains security of supply in the energy sector.
The renewable energy sources used in Finland are hydro and wind power, solar energy, aerothermal energy and ground heat captured by heat pumps, biogas, biodegradable parts of recovered and waste fuels, wood-based fuels, and other vegetable and animal-based fuels.