Greenhouse gas emissions

Updated: 23 May 2019
Next update: 5 Dec 2019

The volume of greenhouse gas emissions measures the pressures caused by human activity on the acceleration of the greenhouse effect and global warming. Finland reports greenhouse gas emissions to the European Commission, the UNFCCC and the Kyoto Protocol.

The reporting helps to follow progress in meeting Finland's emission reduction commitments. The estimation of emissions is based on international reporting and methodological guidelines. The indicator does not include the effect of land use, land-use change and forestry (LULUCF), which reduces the impact of the emissions in Finland. Indirect CO2 emissions generated in the energy sector and industrial processes and product use sector from NMVOC and CH4 emissions are also reported in total emissions (0.1 million tonnes in 2014).
  • The energy sector: emissions from the energy use of fuels and fugitive emissions related to the production, distribution and consumption of fuels
  • Industrial processes and product use: emissions released from industrial processes resulting from the feedstock use and non-energy use of fuels, emissions from the use of F-gases, and emissions from the use of nitrous oxide in industrial and medical applications
  • Agriculture: emissions from digestion by the livestock, manure management, soil, crop residue burning, as well as liming and urea fertilisation
  • Waste management: emissions from landfills, composting and waste water treatment
Statistics on greenhouse gas emissions by industry are reported in the environmental accounts


Greenhouse gas emissions increased, emission allocation exceeded

According to Statistics Finlands instant preliminary data, the total emissions of greenhouse gases in 2018 corresponded with 56.5 million tonnes of carbon dioxide (CO2 eq.). Emissions grew by two per cent from the previous year. The growth in emissions was most influenced by increased consumption of natural gas and peat. Emissions not included in the EU Emissions Trading System remained at last years level but exceeded the annual emission allocations set by the EU by 0.4 million tonnes of CO2 equivalent. In the instant preliminary data, the emissions and removals of the latest year are produced at a less detailed level than data for previous years.

Statistical release