Greenhouse gas emissions

Updated: 19 Mar 2021
Next update: 16 Dec 2021

The volume of greenhouse gas emissions measures the pressures caused by human activity on the acceleration of the greenhouse effect and global warming. Finland reports greenhouse gas emissions to the European Commission, the UNFCCC and the Kyoto Protocol.

The reporting helps to follow progress in meeting Finland's emission reduction commitments. The estimation of emissions is based on international reporting and methodological guidelines. The indicator does not include the effect of land use, land-use change and forestry (LULUCF), which reduces the impact of the emissions in Finland. Indirect CO2 emissions generated in the energy sector and industrial processes and product use sector from NMVOC and CH4 emissions are also reported in total emissions (0.1 million tonnes in 2014).
  • The energy sector: emissions from the energy use of fuels and fugitive emissions related to the production, distribution and consumption of fuels
  • Industrial processes and product use: emissions released from industrial processes resulting from the feedstock use and non-energy use of fuels, emissions from the use of F-gases, and emissions from the use of nitrous oxide in industrial and medical applications
  • Agriculture: emissions from digestion by the livestock, manure management, soil, crop residue burning, as well as liming and urea fertilisation
  • Waste management: emissions from landfills, composting and waste water treatment
Statistics on greenhouse gas emissions by industry are reported in the environmental accounts


Finland’s greenhouse gas emissions 2019 to the EU and the UNFCCC

In 2019, Finland's greenhouse gas emissions without the LULUCF sector amounted to 53.1 million tonnes of carbon dioxide equivalent (mil. t CO2 eq.), being 18.2 million tonnes less than in the comparison year 1990. These total emissions remained more or less unchanged compared with the preliminary data published in December 2020. Emissions not included in the EU Emissions Trading System (EU ETS) exceeded the annual emission allocations set by the EU by 0.6 million tonnes of CO2 equivalent. The net sink of the land use, land use change and forestry (LULUCF) sector, that is, the sum of removals and emissions, amounted to −14.7 million tonnes CO2 equivalent in 2019, but these data are not included in total emissions. The data published now are based on the reporting of emission data to the EU and the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC).