Greenhouse gas emissions

Updated: 11 Dec 2018
Next update: 28 Mar 2019

The volume of greenhouse gas emissions measures the pressures caused by human activity on the acceleration of the greenhouse effect and global warming. Finland reports greenhouse gas emissions to the European Commission, the UNFCCC and the Kyoto Protocol.

The reporting helps to follow progress in meeting Finland's emission reduction commitments. The estimation of emissions is based on international reporting and methodological guidelines. The indicator does not include the effect of land use, land-use change and forestry (LULUCF), which reduces the impact of the emissions in Finland. Indirect CO2 emissions generated in the energy sector and industrial processes and product use sector from NMVOC and CH4 emissions are also reported in total emissions (0.1 million tonnes in 2014).
  • The energy sector: emissions from the energy use of fuels and fugitive emissions related to the production, distribution and consumption of fuels
  • Industrial processes and product use: emissions released from industrial processes resulting from the feedstock use and non-energy use of fuels, emissions from the use of F-gases, and emissions from the use of nitrous oxide in industrial and medical applications
  • Agriculture: emissions from digestion by the livestock, manure management, soil, crop residue burning, as well as liming and urea fertilisation
  • Waste management: emissions from landfills, composting and waste water treatment
Statistics on greenhouse gas emissions by industry are reported in the environmental accounts


Greenhouse gas emissions fell and emissions not included in the EU Emissions Trading System on the target path

According to Statistics Finland's preliminary data, the total emissions of greenhouse gases in 2017 correspond with 55.5 million tonnes of carbon dioxide equivalent (CO2 eq.), being 15.8 million tonnes less than in the comparison year 1990. Emissions went down by almost five per cent from the previous year. The fall in emissions was most influenced by the decreased consumption of the main fossil fuels and the increased share of biofuels used in traffic. Emissions not included in the EU Emissions Trading System went down by two per cent from 2016, being on level with the emission allocations units set by the EU. The data are based on the preliminary report on emissions in 2017 to be submitted by Statistics Finland to the European Commission by 15 January 2019.

Statistical release