Imports and exports

Updated: 8 Jan 2021
Next update: 8 Feb 2021

Foreign Trade Statistics describes the commodity trade between Finland and other Member States of the European Union (EU) and between Finland and Third Countries i.e. the internal and external trade. Foreign Trade Statistics is the official information source on the importation, exportation, and balance of trade of Finland. Preliminary statistics on foreign trade of goods convey the first monthly data on the foreign trade of Finland. The preliminary statistics present the development of Finland's export, import, and balance of trade both in the aggregate and by the other EU Member States, Euro territory, and countries not in the EU.

The information on the trade carried on by Finland with the other EU Member States is collected from the compulsory statistical declarations provided monthly by importers and exporters through the Intrastat system of internal trade. The information on the trade between Finland and Third Countries is obtained from customs declarations, which have to be submitted on every import and export consignment. The data on both internal and external trade are put together to form the statistics on the foreign trade of Finland.

As a rule, all goods exported from and imported in Finland are recorded to statistics. The prerequisite for the inclusion in statistics is that the goods physically arrive in or depart from this country. By way of exception, water- and aircraft are recorded to statistics upon a change in the status of ownership. Among other things, neither transit transports nor economic measures of insignificant commercial value are included in the statistics. Also the smallest companies are released from the obligation to declare statistics on internal trade. Neither is foreign trade in services recorded to these statistics.


Exports decreased by 3.5 per cent in November

According to the preliminary statistics of international trade in goods provided by Finnish Customs, the value of Finnish exports decreased by 3.5 per cent, while the value of imports declined by 2.2 per cent in November year-on-year. The value of Finnish exports in November was EUR 4.9 billion and the value of imports slightly over EUR 5.1 billion. In January-November, the total value of exports decreased by 13.7 per cent and the value of imports by 10.4 per cent year-on-year.

The trade balance was EUR 180 million in deficit in November. In January-November, the trade balance ran a deficit of EUR 3.1 billion. In November 2019, the trade balance was EUR 114 million in deficit, and in January-November it was EUR 1.2 billion in deficit.

Exports to EU member states remained at the level of the previous year while exports to non-EU countries decreased by 7.7 per cent in November. Imports from EU countries increase by 0.2 per cent, but imports from non-EU countries decreased by 5.5 per cent in November. Calculated from the beginning of the year, exports to EU countries decreased by 12.4 per cent and to non-EU countries by 15.4 per cent. During the same period, imports from EU member states fell by 8.5 per cent and from other countries by 13.0 per cent.