Imports and exports

Updated: 7 Oct 2020
Next update: 6 Nov 2020

Foreign Trade Statistics describes the commodity trade between Finland and other Member States of the European Union (EU) and between Finland and Third Countries i.e. the internal and external trade. Foreign Trade Statistics is the official information source on the importation, exportation, and balance of trade of Finland. Preliminary statistics on foreign trade of goods convey the first monthly data on the foreign trade of Finland. The preliminary statistics present the development of Finland's export, import, and balance of trade both in the aggregate and by the other EU Member States, Euro territory, and countries not in the EU.

The information on the trade carried on by Finland with the other EU Member States is collected from the compulsory statistical declarations provided monthly by importers and exporters through the Intrastat system of internal trade. The information on the trade between Finland and Third Countries is obtained from customs declarations, which have to be submitted on every import and export consignment. The data on both internal and external trade are put together to form the statistics on the foreign trade of Finland.

As a rule, all goods exported from and imported in Finland are recorded to statistics. The prerequisite for the inclusion in statistics is that the goods physically arrive in or depart from this country. By way of exception, water- and aircraft are recorded to statistics upon a change in the status of ownership. Among other things, neither transit transports nor economic measures of insignificant commercial value are included in the statistics. Also the smallest companies are released from the obligation to declare statistics on internal trade. Neither is foreign trade in services recorded to these statistics.


Exports decreased by 14.8 per cent in August

According to the preliminary statistics of international trade in goods provided by Finnish Customs, the value of Finnish exports decreased by 14.8 per cent, while the value of imports declined by 14.4 per cent in August year-on-year. The value of Finnish exports in August was EUR 4.3 billion and the value of imports almost EUR 4.6 billion. In January-August, the total value of exports decreased by 16.4 per cent and the value of imports by 12.3 per cent year-on-year.

The trade balance was EUR 245 million in deficit in August. In January-August, the trade balance ran a deficit of EUR 2.4 billion. In August last year, the trade balance was EUR 264 million in deficit, and in January-August it was EUR 771 million in deficit.

Exports to EU member states decreased by 14.3 per cent and exports to non-EU countries by 15.4 per cent in August. Imports from EU-countries diminished by 11.8 per cent and imports from non-EU countries fell by 17.7 per cent in August. Calculated from the beginning of the year, exports to EU decreased by 16.0 per cent and to non-EU countries by 16.8 per cent. During the same period, imports from EU member states fell by 10.6 per cent and from other countries by 14.6 per cent.