Imports and exports

Updated: 8 May 2019
Next update: 7 Jun 2019

Foreign Trade Statistics describes the commodity trade between Finland and other Member States of the European Union (EU) and between Finland and Third Countries i.e. the internal and external trade. Foreign Trade Statistics is the official information source on the importation, exportation, and balance of trade of Finland. Preliminary statistics on foreign trade of goods convey the first monthly data on the foreign trade of Finland. The preliminary statistics present the development of Finland's export, import, and balance of trade both in the aggregate and by the other EU Member States, Euro territory, and countries not in the EU.

The information on the trade carried on by Finland with the other EU Member States is collected from the compulsory statistical declarations provided monthly by importers and exporters through the Intrastat system of internal trade. The information on the trade between Finland and Third Countries is obtained from customs declarations, which have to be submitted on every import and export consignment. The data on both internal and external trade are put together to form the statistics on the foreign trade of Finland.

As a rule, all goods exported from and imported in Finland are recorded to statistics. The prerequisite for the inclusion in statistics is that the goods physically arrive in or depart from this country. By way of exception, water- and aircraft are recorded to statistics upon a change in the status of ownership. Among other things, neither transit transports nor economic measures of insignificant commercial value are included in the statistics. Also the smallest companies are released from the obligation to declare statistics on internal trade. Neither is foreign trade in services recorded to these statistics.


Value of exports remained unchanged in March year-on-year

According to the preliminary statistics of international trade in goods provided by Finnish Customs, the value of Finnish exports remained at the level of the previous year in March. The value of imports decreased by three per cent in March year-on-year. The value of Finnish exports in March was slightly over 5.4 billion euros and the value of imports was about 5.5 billion euros. In January-March, exports increased by six per cent but imports decreased by two per cent year-on-year.

The trade balance showed a deficit of 95 million euros in March. Calculated from January to March, there was a surplus of 315 million euros. Under the same period last year, the balance of trade showed a deficit of 900 million euros. Last year the trade balance for March showed a deficit of 300 million euros.

Both exports to EU member states and non-EU countries remained at the level of the previous year in March. Imports from EU-countries decreased by two per cent and imports from non-EU countries declined by five per cent in March. Calculated from the beginning of the year, exports to EU member states increased by eight per cent and to non-EU countries by three per cent. During the same period, imports from EU member states rose by one per cent, but decreased from other countries by six per cent.