Recipients of disability pension

Updated: 1 Apr 2020
Next update: 7 Apr 2021

The indicator depicts the number of people receiving disability pension from the earnings-related pension scheme according to the main disease category. The categorization is based on the main reason for the disability. The disease codes are based on the international ICD-10 disease categorization.

Disability pensions include the actual disability pension, individual early retirement pensions, which were discontinued in 2011 and also years-of-service pensions, which were introduced in 2018. Actual disability pensions are granted either until further notice or as cash rehabilitation benefit for a set period of time. Both can be granted in the form of a full pension (work ability decreased by at least 3/5) or a partial pension (work ability decreased by 2/5–3/5).

A disability pension may be granted to a person who has turned 17 but who has not reached their retirement age determined based on the birth year. The pension is granted in the form of an old-age pension if the disability begins after the person has turned their retirement age.


Disability pensioners of the earnings-related pension scheme

In 2019, 134,200 people received disability pension from the earnings-related pension scheme. 17% of them received partial disability pension.

The largest disease groups causing disability were mental and behavioural disorders (43%), diseases of the musculoskeletal system (25%), diseases of the nervous system (9%) and diseases of the circulatory system (6%). The share of mental and behavioural disorders has been the largest one since 2000.