The indicator depicts the number of people receiving disability pension from the earnings-related pension scheme according to the main disease category. The categorization is based on the main reason for the disability. The disease codes are based on the international ICD-10 disease categorization.
Disability pensions include the actual disability pension, individual early retirement pensions, which were discontinued in 2011 and also years-of-service pensions, which were introduced in 2018. Actual disability pensions are granted either until further notice or as cash rehabilitation benefit for a set period of time. Both can be granted in the form of a full pension (work ability decreased by at least 3/5) or a partial pension (work ability decreased by 2/5–3/5).
A disability pension may be granted to a person who has turned 17 but who has not reached their retirement age determined based on the birth year. The pension is granted in the form of an old-age pension if the disability begins after the person has turned their retirement age.