Alcohol-related mortality

Updated: 14 Dec 2020
Next update: 10 Dec 2021

Alcohol-related diseases include all diseases in the classification of diseases that are caused by alcohol (categories F10, G312, G4051, G621, G721, I426, K292, K70, K852, K860, O354, P043, Q860 in the International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, ICD-10).

Accidental poisonings by alcohol are poisoning deaths caused by alcohol or a similar substitute (category X45).

The statistics on causes of death cover the persons who have died in Finland or abroad during the calendar year and who at the time of death were domiciled in Finland.


Deaths caused by alcohol use almost on level with the previous year

Deaths caused by alcohol use made a slight upturn in 2018. By contrast, the number of deaths in 2019 remained almost on level with the previous year. In 2019, altogether 1,718 persons died from alcohol-related diseases and alcohol poisonings. Of them, 1,306 were men and 412 women. The number increased by 35 from the year before.

Diseases related to long-term alcohol use, such as liver and heart diseases, cause a majority of deaths from alcohol-related causes. Changes in alcohol-related mortality has followed the development in total consumption of alcoholic beverages.

Altogether three per cent of all deaths were due to alcohol-related causes. In 2019, more than one half of deaths from alcohol-related causes stemmed from liver diseases caused by alcohol. The number of deaths caused by them increased from the year before. By contrast, the number of alcohol poisonings decreased from the year before. Alcohol poisonings accounted for 12 per cent of all alcohol-related deaths.