Violent crime

Updated: 16 May 2019
Next update: 15 May 2020

The statistics on offences known to the police describe the regional distribution of offences and activities of the Police, the Customs and the Finnish Border Guard. The statistics contain data on the types and numbers of detected offences. In addition, they examine the numbers of offences investigated and solved by the police, proportions of solved offences by type of offence and cases where reporting has been found ungrounded.

   

Number of reported sexual offences on the rise

In all, 85 suspected offences against life were reported. This is 12 cases more than in 2017. The number of offences against life have primarily been on the decline. Between 2010 to 2018, on average 94 cases per year have been recorded while between 2000 and 2009 the average was 128. Of all offences against life, 75 per cent committed in private dwellings or some other private location. The number of offences against life in 2015 included 12 murders made with terrorist intent abroad, which the Finnish police were investigating. Of the offences against life recorded in 2017, two were murders made with terrorist intent. Altogether, 355 attempted homicides were recorded, which is seven cases more than in the year before.

In 2018, a total of 33,600 assaults were reported which is 100 cases more than in 2017. In the 2010s and average of 35,000 assaults have been recorded per year. The number of basic assaults increased by 1.3 per cent. In all, 23,100 such assaults were reported. The number of aggravated assaults went up by 1.8 per cent. A total of 1,600 of them were recorded. The number of petty assaults recorded was 8,900, which is 2.4 per cent fewer than last year. The legislative amendment, which entered into force at the beginning of 2011, considerably increased the number of assault offences recorded in 2011. After the legislative amendment, petty assaults on minors or close relatives became officially prosecutable. In 2011, the number of assault offences recorded was 40,200.

A total of 1,393 rapes (rape, aggravated rape, Paragraph 3) were recorded, which is 11.9 per cent more than in 2017. Of all rape offences, 85 per cent were committed in private dwellings or some other private location. The recorded number of sexual abuses of a child was 1,373, which is 17.6 per cent more than in 2017. This is, however, almost 20 per cent fewer than in 2011. In addition, 1,013 other sexual offences were reported. Of them, 512 were cases of sexual harassment, which is 98 cases (23.7 per cent) more than in 2017. Sexual harassment was added to the Criminal Code on 1 September 2014. The numbers of rapes and sexual abuses of a child vary much yearly. Individual reports may include a series of incidents comprising several criminal acts.