Violent crime

Updated: 12 May 2021
Next update: 14 May 2022

The statistics on offences known to the police describe the regional distribution of offences and activities of the Police, the Customs and the Finnish Border Guard. The statistics contain data on the types and numbers of detected offences. In addition, they examine the numbers of offences investigated and solved by the police, proportions of solved offences by type of offence and cases where reporting has been found ungrounded.

   

Number of reported rape offences on the decline in 2020

In all, 86 suspected offences against life were reported. This is 14 cases more than in 2019, which was the lowest figure in the 2000s. The number of offences against life has primarily been on the decline. Between 2011 and 2020, an average of 89 cases per year have been recorded while between 2001 and 2010 the average was 124. Almost 90 per cent of all offences against life were committed in private dwellings or some other private location. The number of offences against life in 2015 included 12 murders made with terrorist intent abroad, which the Finnish police were investigating. Of the offences against life recorded in 2017, two were murders made with terrorist intent. Altogether, 383 attempted homicides were recorded, which is 54 cases fewer than in the year before.

In 2020, a total of 33,300 assaults were reported, which is almost 600 cases fewer than in the previous year. In the 2010s, an average of 35,000 assaults have been recorded per year. The number of basic assaults went down by 1.9 per cent. In all, 23,200 such assaults were reported. The number of aggravated assaults went up by 10.7 per cent. Nearly 1,800 of them were recorded. The number of petty assaults recorded was 8,300, which is 3.3 per cent fewer than in the previous year. The legislative amendment, which entered into force at the beginning of 2011, considerably increased the number of assault offences recorded in 2011. After the legislative amendment, petty assaults on minors or close relatives became officially prosecutable. In 2011, the number of assault offences recorded was 40,200.

A total of 1,450 rapes (rape, aggravated rape, Paragraph 3) were recorded, which is 1.8 per cent fewer than in the previous year. Of all rape offences, nearly 90 per cent were committed in private dwellings or some other private location. The recorded number of sexual abuses of a child was 1,770, which is 3.6 per cent more than in 2019. The act on aggravated rape of a child entered into force on 15 April 2019. During 2020, a total of 68 cases of aggravated rape of a child were reported. In the statistics, aggravated rape of a child is included in the figures on cases of sexual abuse of a child. In addition, 1,172 other sexual offences were reported. Of them, 555 were cases of sexual harassment, which is 37 cases fewer than in 2019. Sexual harassment was added to the Criminal Code on 1 September 2014. The numbers of rapes and sexual abuses of a child vary much yearly. Individual reports may include a series of incidents comprising several criminal acts.