Violent crime

Updated: 8 May 2018
Next update: 18 Sep 2018

The statistics on offences known to the police describe the regional distribution of offences and activities of the Police, the Customs and the Finnish Border Guard. The statistics contain data on the types and numbers of detected offences. In addition, they examine the numbers of offences investigated and solved by the police, proportions of solved offences by type of offence and cases where reporting has been found ungrounded.

   

In 2017, a total of 33,500 assault offences (assault, petty assault, aggravated assault) were recorded, which was 200 cases (0.7 per cent) fewer than in 2016. Aggravated assaults decreased by 0.7 per cent compared to the previous year. The number recorded was 1,580. Over the past ten years (2008 to 2017), 34,900 assaults, on average, have been reported yearly. The legislative amendment, which entered into force at the beginning of 2011, considerably increased the number of assault offences recorded in 2011. After the legislative amendment, petty assaults on minors or close relatives became officially prosecutable. In 2011, the number of assault offences recorded was 40,200.

The recorded number of offences against life was 73. This was five cases fewer than in 2016. The annual average for the past ten years is 100. The corresponding figure was 129 between 1998 and 2007. The number of offences against life in 2015 included 12 murders made with terrorist intent abroad, which the Finnish police were investigating. Of the offences against life recorded in 2017, two were murders made with terrorist intent. Altogether 348 attempted manslaughters, murders or killings were recorded, which was 37 more than in 2015. When recording an offence, the line between attempted manslaughter and aggravated assault is open to interpretation, which may have an effect on the level changes visible in the statistics.

A total of 1,245 rapes (rape, aggravated rape, Paragraph 3) were recorded, which is 7.3 per cent more than in 2016. From 2008 to 2017, an average of 988 rapes were reported per year. The recorded number of sexual abuses of a child was 1,168, which is six per cent fewer than in the year before. The number of sexual harassment cases recorded was 414, which was 121 cases (22.6 per cent) lower than in 2016. Sexual harassment was added to the Penal Code on 1 September 2014. The numbers of rapes and sexual abuses of a child vary much yearly. Individual reports may include a series of incidents comprising several criminal acts.