Part-time and fixed-term employment

Updated: 7 May 2020
Next update: 22 Jun 2021

Employees or self-employed persons who report they work part-time in their main job are classified as part-time workers. The definition is not based on any hour limits, but on the respondent's own idea of the work being part-time.

Employees with an employment contract for a fixed term, for a trial period, or for carrying out certain tasks are considered as being in temporary employment.


Number of part-time workers grew, shares of part-time workers remained nearly unchanged

More than one-fifth of female employees worked part-time, one-tenth of men

In 2019, altogether 439,000 employed persons worked part-time, which was 17 per cent of all employed persons. There were 16,000 more employed persons working part-time than in 2018. The number of employees working part-time was 356,000, which was 12,000 more than in the previous year. The Labour Force Survey data on part-time employment are based on the respondents’ own reporting. Next we examine only employees among those working part-time.

Part-time employment was more widespread among women than men. In 2019, twenty-two per cent of female employees worked part-time, or 244,000 persons and 10 per cent of male employees, 112,000. For both sexes the shares of persons working part-time of employees remained almost the same as in 2018.

Two-thirds of temporary employees would had wanted a permanent job

Temporary employees’ share of all employees fallen slightly

In 2019, the average number of employees in Finland was 2,220,000, which is 16,000 higher than in 2018. In all, 350,000 employees had temporary employment contracts, 207,000 of whom were women and 143,000 men. The number of temporary employees went down by 13,000.

Eighty-four per cent of employees’ all employment contracts were permanent and 16 per cent temporary in 2019. Temporary employment relationships are more common for women than for men. Nineteen per cent of female employees and 13 per cent of male employees worked in a temporary employment relationship in 2019.