Part-time and fixed-term employment

Updated: 23 Oct 2018
Next update: 24 Jan 2019

Employees or self-employed persons who report they work part-time in their main job are classified as part-time workers. The definition is not based on any hour limits, but on the respondent's own idea of the work being part-time.

Employees with an employment contract for a fixed term, for a trial period, or for carrying out certain tasks are considered as being in temporary employment.


Number of persons working part-time grew further

Over one-fifth of female employees work part-time

In 2017, altogether 408,000 persons, which is 17 per cent of all employed persons worked part-time. This was 9,000 employed persons more than in 2016. In 2017, the number of part-time working employees was 332,000, which was 10,000 more than in the year before. The Labour Force Survey data on part-time employment is based on the respondents’ own reporting. The following only concerns part-time employees.

Part-time employment was more widespread among women than men. Twenty-one per cent of female employees worked part-time in 2017, or 227,000 women and 10 per cent of male employees, 104,000 men. The share of male employees working part-time remained the same as in 2016, for women, the share of part-time employees, in turn, grew by one percentage points, or some 9,000 persons. In recent years, part-time work has increased in particular among women.

Temporary employment still more widespread among women than men

In 2017, the average number of employees in Finland was 2,147,000, which was 43,000 higher than in 2016. In all, 345,000 employees had temporary employment contracts, 204,000 of whom were women and 141,000 men. The number of temporary employees grew by 12,000 from the year before.

Eighty-four per cent of all employment contracts of employees were permanent and 16 per cent temporary in 2017. Compared to 2016, the shares remained unchanged. Temporary employment relationships are more common for women than for men. Nineteen per cent of female employees and 13 per cent of male employees worked in a temporary employment relationship in 2017.