Part-time and fixed-term employment

Updated: 11 Apr 2019
Next update: 11 Apr 2020

Employees or self-employed persons who report they work part-time in their main job are classified as part-time workers. The definition is not based on any hour limits, but on the respondent's own idea of the work being part-time.

Employees with an employment contract for a fixed term, for a trial period, or for carrying out certain tasks are considered as being in temporary employment.


Number of part-time workers grew

More than one-fifth of female employees worked part-time, one-tenth of men

In 2018, altogether 424,000 employed worked part-time, which was 17 per cent of all employed persons. There were 15,000 more employed persons working part-time than in 2017. The number of employees working part-time was 344,000, which was 13,000 more than in the previous year. The Labour Force Survey data on part-time employment are based on the respondents’ own reporting. Next we examine only employees among those working part-time.

Part-time employment was more widespread among women than men. In 2018, twenty-one per cent of female employees worked part-time, or 235,000 persons and 10 per cent of male employees, 110,000. For both sexes the shares of persons working part-time of employees remained the same as in 2017.

Temporary employment still more widespread among women than men

In 2018, the average number of employees in Finland was 2,204,000, which is 57,000 higher than in 2017. In all, 363,000 employees had temporary employment contracts, 216,000 of whom were women and 147,000 men. The number of temporary employees grew by 18,000 from the year before.

Eighty-four per cent of employees’ all employment contracts were permanent and 16 per cent temporary in 2018. Temporary employment relationships are more common for women than for men. Nineteen per cent of female employees and 13 per cent of male employees worked in a temporary employment relationship in 2018. Compared to the year before, the shares have remained almost unchanged.