Employment rate

Updated: 20 Aug 2019
Next update: 24 Sep 2019

Employment rate is the ratio of employed persons to the population of the same age. The employment rate of the total population is calculated as the ratio of 15 to 64-year-old employed persons to the population of the same age.

A person is employed if he/she has during the survey week been in gainful employment at least one hour against wages or salary or fringe benefits, or to make profit, or has been temporarily absent from work. A person absent from work in the survey week is counted as employed if the reason for absence is maternity or paternity leave, own illness or if the absence has lasted under three months. Employed persons can be employees, self-employed or members of the same household working without actual pay in an enterprise owned by a family member.


In July 2019, the number of employed persons was 2,628,000 (margin of error ±35,000), which was three thousand less than a year earlier. There were 2,000 fewer employed men and 1,000 fewer employed women than in July 2018.

The employment rate , that is, the proportion of the employed among persons aged 15 to 64, stood at 74.5 per cent in July, having been 74.1 per cent one year earlier. From the previous years July, the employment rate of men aged 15 to 64 rose by 0.5 percentage points to 75.9 per cent and the employment rate of women rose by 0.3 percentage points to 73.1 per cent.

Statistical release