Employment rate

Updated: 22 Dec 2020
Next update: 28 Jan 2021

Employment rate is the ratio of employed persons to the population of the same age. The employment rate of the total population is calculated as the ratio of 15 to 64-year-old employed persons to the population of the same age.

A person is employed if he/she has during the survey week been in gainful employment at least one hour against wages or salary or fringe benefits, or to make profit, or has been temporarily absent from work. A person absent from work in the survey week is counted as employed if the reason for absence is maternity or paternity leave, own illness or if the absence has lasted under three months. Employed persons can be employees, self-employed or members of the same household working without actual pay in an enterprise owned by a family member.


In November 2020, the number of employed persons was 2,540,000 (margin of error ±36,000), which was 4,000 lower than a year earlier. There were 9,000 more employed men and 13,000 fewer employed women than in November 2019.

In November, the employment rate , that is, the proportion of the employed among persons aged 15 to 64, stood at 71.8 per cent, having been 71.7 per cent one year earlier. From the previous years November, the employment rate of men aged 15 to 64 rose by 0.7 percentage points to 73.3 per cent and that of women fell by 0.6 percentage points to 70.2 per cent.

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