Unemployment rate

Updated: 25 May 2021
Next update: 22 Jun 2021

The unemployment rate is the ratio of the unemployed to the active population (labour force) of the same age, i.e. employed and unemployed persons. The unemployment rate of the total population is calculated as the ratio of 15 to 74-year-old unemployed persons to the active population (labour force) of the same age.

A person is unemployed if he/she is without work during the survey week (not in paid employment or working as self-employed), has actively sought employment in the past four weeks as an employee or self-employed and would be available for work within two weeks. A person who is without work and waiting for an agreed job to start within three months is also classified as unemployed if he/she could start work within two weeks. Persons laid off for the time being who fulfil the above-mentioned criteria are also counted as unemployed.

Labour force: All persons aged 15 to 74 who were employed or unemployed during the survey week belong to the active population. The concept of labour force can also be used of the active population.


Employment improved in April compared to one year ago

According to Statistics Finlands Labour Force Survey, there were 244,000 unemployed in April 2021, which was 30,000 more than one year earlier (margin of error ±24,000). The number of unemployed men was 138,000 and that of women 106,000.

In April, the unemployment rate , the proportion of the employed among the labour force stood at 9.0 per cent, having been 8.0 per cent one year earlier. From last years April, mens unemployment rate rose by 1.0 percentage points to 9.7 per cent and womens by 0.8 percentage points to 8.2 per cent.

Statistical release