Number of families turned to a decline
According to Statistics Finland's data, there
were 1,472,000 families in Finland at the end of 2017. The number
of families fell the first time during the family statistics. The
number fell by 4,100 from the previous year. Until now, the number
of families has grown, although slowly in recent years. The
contraction is almost at the same level as the annual growth in the
number still a couple of years ago.
Sixty-four per cent of all families were families of married
couples. The number of families formed by opposite-sex married
couples and children has fallen by 5,900 from the previous year.
There has also been a decrease in cohabiting families 1)
without any children or with only non-common children. The number
of cohabiting families without children has fallen by nearly 800
and that of those with only non-common children by close on 200.
The numbers of other family types have grown. The number of
families of a mother and children grew most, by around one
thousand. The number of families formed by opposite-sex married
couples without children grew by 700. The number of families of a
father and children went up by nearly 700 and that of cohabiting
couples with common children by around one hundred.
At the beginning of March 2017, an amendment to the Marriage Act
entered into force, as a result of which part of registered
partners have changed their partnership into marriage and new
registered partners can no longer be formed. The number of families
of registered couples was 1,500, or 1,200 lower than one year
previously. There were 1,600 families of same-sex married couples.
Of them, 67 per cent were families of female couples. Twenty-three
per cent were still families of cohabiting couples and 13 per cent
one-parent families, which is one percentage point more than in the
previous year. People living alone numbered 1,162,000, which is
almost 31,000 more than in the year before.
The average size of a family was 2.8. As late as in 1990, the
average size of a family was three persons. Seventy-four per cent
of the population, or 4,055,000 persons, belonged to a family,
which is 17,300 fewer than in the year before. The share of persons
who belong to a family has been falling steadily. As late as in
1990, their share of the population was 82 per cent.Statistical release