Final energy consumption

Updated: 8 Dec 2017
Next update: 11 Dec 2018

Finland has a high level of energy consumption per capita. Energy consumption is influenced by Finland’s cold climate, long distances and rather energy-intensive industry. Consumer habits also have a major impact on energy consumption. From a sustainable development perspective, energy consumption should be reduced.

Technological innovations reduce final energy consumption in transport and in the heating of buildings, but transport growth, on the other hand, has steadily increased energy consumption in transport. Reducing the electricity consumption of small household appliances also affects final energy consumption. Moreover, as economic structures change, energy consumption by industry might fall as the service sector grows. Nevertheless, economic development also has a direct impact on the energy use of industry.

Final energy consumption measures the consumption of electricity and heat, fuels for space heating, transport fuels and fuels for industrial processes. It differs from total consumption in that energy transmission and distribution losses have been removed from it.

Final energy consumption represents the final amount of energy left at the disposal of households and other consumers. Final consumption of energy is divided into the sectors of manufacturing, transport, heating of buildings and others. The ‘Others’ sector includes use of electricity and fuels by households, the public and private service sector, agriculture and forestry, and construction.

Final consumption of energy went up by nearly five per cent. The share of manufacturing in final energy consumption stood at 46 per cent. The decrease in the volume of industrial output that has continued since 2012 reversed last year, which was also visible as an increase in energy use in manufacturing. The use of heating energy of buildings was 10 per cent higher in 2016 and its share of final use was 26 per cent. Energy consumption in housing rose by eight per cent, which was due to weather induced heating need. In 2016, heating degree day was 14 per cent higher than in 2015. The use of energy in transport rose by four per cent and was 17 per cent of final energy consumption.