Final energy consumption

Updated: 11 Dec 2018
Next update: 12 Dec 2019

Finland has a high level of energy consumption per capita. Energy consumption is influenced by Finland’s cold climate, long distances and rather energy-intensive industry. Consumer habits also have a major impact on energy consumption. From a sustainable development perspective, energy consumption should be reduced.

Technological innovations reduce final energy consumption in transport and in the heating of buildings, but transport growth, on the other hand, has steadily increased energy consumption in transport. Reducing the electricity consumption of small household appliances also affects final energy consumption. Moreover, as economic structures change, energy consumption by industry might fall as the service sector grows. Nevertheless, economic development also has a direct impact on the energy use of industry.

Final energy consumption measures the consumption of electricity and heat, fuels for space heating, transport fuels and fuels for industrial processes. It differs from total consumption in that energy transmission and distribution losses have been removed from it.

Final energy consumption represents the final amount of energy left at the disposal of households and other consumers. Final consumption of energy is divided into the sectors of manufacturing, transport, heating of buildings and others. The ‘Others’ sector includes use of electricity and fuels by households, the public and private service sector, agriculture and forestry, and construction.

Final energy consumption fell by one per cent year-on-year. The growth of industrial output continued further, which was also visible in an about one per cent growth in final consumption of manufacturing. Of energy intensive industries, the growth in the forest industry and the chemical industry was particularly visible in increased consumption of fuel and electricity. Manufacturing was the biggest of final consumption sectors of energy with its share of 47 per cent.

One per cent less heating energy of building was consumed in 2017 than one year earlier. The use of heat pumps for heating has grown significantly from the start of the millennium, which is visible in the statistics in the growing use of both heat pump energy and heat pump electricity. In addition to the area to be heated and the energy efficiency of the building stock, the need for heating energy is also affected by the outdoor temperature.

Energy consumption in transport rose by nearly half a per cent in 2017. The consumption of petrol still continued falling, whereas the consumption of diesel oil was still on the growth track. The most significant use of diesel oil is transports of business life. The share of transport was 16 per cent of final energy consumption. In Finland, transport fuels contain biocomponents that are included in total amounts of petrol and diesel. The total use of jet fuel grew by five per cent from the year before. Almost 90 per cent of jet fuel is used in international transport.