Energy consumption

Updated: 11 Dec 2018
Next update: 12 Dec 2019

Energy production and consumption play a key role in society, because a large part of society’s activities are dependent on energy, and most of the greenhouse gas emissions arise from energy consumption. The choice of energy sources has a significant impact on the state of the environment and particularly on climate change. All forms of energy production have their own environmental effects, but in this respect the most significant is the choice between renewable and non-renewable energy sources.

Energy consumption is often directly reflected in the development of GDP and in greenhouse gas emissions. In a sustainable society, GDP growth should be disconnected from energy consumption and at the same time the proportion of fossil fuels should be reduced. Ordinary citizens can affect trends in energy consumption through their own choices, including, for example, electricity consumption and transport.

Statistics on total consumption of energy describe the commensurate total consumption of domestic energy sources and imported energy in Finland. Total consumption of energy describes fuels used in the production and processing of energy, and energy used in direct, final consumption.

Total consumption of energy includes data on use of fossil fuels, energy peat, renewable energy sources, nuclear energy and net imports of electricity.


Use of renewable energy continued growing in 2017

According to Statistics Finland, total consumption of energy in Finland amounted to 1.35 million terajoules (TJ) in 2017, which corresponded to a fall of one cent compared with the previous year. The consumption of electricity totalled 85 terawatt hours (TWh), which was on level with the year before. Renewable energy sources covered 37 per cent of total energy consumption and according to preliminary data, over 40 per cent of final use. Their use grew by six per cent, rising to a new record level. The consumption of fossil fuels and peat declined by six per cent.

The share of renewable energy in total energy consumption was 37 per cent in 2017. As late as 1990, its share was just 18 per cent, after which it has grown steadily, growing in the 2010s still clearly faster than before. Compared with 2016, the share of renewable energy in total consumption rose by three percentage points.

The use of fossil fuels and peat in total energy consumption fell in 2017 by two percentage points, being 40 per cent. Greenhouse gas emissions in the energy sector went down as a result of decreased use of fossil fuels and peat. Nuclear energy covered 17 per cent of total energy consumption and other energy sources six per cent.