Energy production and consumption play a key role in society, because a large part of society’s activities are dependent on energy, and most of the greenhouse gas emissions arise from energy consumption. The choice of energy sources has a significant impact on the state of the environment and particularly on climate change. All forms of energy production have their own environmental effects, but in this respect the most significant is the choice between renewable and non-renewable energy sources.
Energy consumption is often directly reflected in the development of GDP and in greenhouse gas emissions. In a sustainable society, GDP growth should be disconnected from energy consumption and at the same time the proportion of fossil fuels should be reduced. Ordinary citizens can affect trends in energy consumption through their own choices, including, for example, electricity consumption and transport.
Statistics on total consumption of energy describe the commensurate total consumption of domestic energy sources and imported energy in Finland. Total consumption of energy describes fuels used in the production and processing of energy, and energy used in direct, final consumption.
Total consumption of energy includes data on use of fossil fuels, energy peat, renewable energy sources, nuclear energy and net imports of electricity.