Electricity supply and consumption

Updated: 1 Nov 2019
Next update: 3 Nov 2020

Electricity consumption and the choices made in relation to it significantly reflect a society’s commitment to sustainable choices. Use of renewable energy sources in electricity production is part of a positive development that has been vigorously promoted in Finland. While industry influences electricity consumption most, the individual consumer also pays a significant role. For example, about one third of energy consumption in homes is consumed by electrical equipment and lighting. Consumer habits as well as the electricity consumption of household appliances can have a great influence on overall consumption. Consumers can also choose whether or not to buy “green” electricity, produced from renewable energy sources.

Electricity supply and total electricity consumption refers to the total combined volume of produced electricity and net imports of electricity. Net imports refer to imports of electricity less exports of electricity.

In 2018, the production of electricity in Finland amounted to 67.5 terawatt hours (TWh) or one billion kilowatt hours (kWh). Production grew by 2.5 TWh from the previous year. Correspondingly, total consumption of electricity went up by 2.0 TWh amounting to 87.5 TWh in 2018. Of total electricity consumption, 77 per cent was covered by domestic production and 23 per cent by net imports of electricity from the Nordic countries, Russia and Estonia. Net imports of electricity contracted by 2.4 per cent from the year before. Thirty-two per cent of domestic electricity production was based on combined heat and power production.