Electricity supply and consumption

Updated: 2 Nov 2021
Next update: 2 Nov 2022

Electricity consumption and the choices made in relation to it significantly reflect a society’s commitment to sustainable choices. Use of renewable energy sources in electricity production is part of a positive development that has been vigorously promoted in Finland. While industry influences electricity consumption most, the individual consumer also pays a significant role. For example, about one third of energy consumption in homes is consumed by electrical equipment and lighting. Consumer habits as well as the electricity consumption of household appliances can have a great influence on overall consumption. Consumers can also choose whether or not to buy “green” electricity, produced from renewable energy sources.

Electricity supply and total electricity consumption refers to the total combined volume of produced electricity and net imports of electricity. Net imports refer to imports of electricity less exports of electricity.


In 2020, the production of electricity in Finland amounted to 66.6 terawatt hours (TWh) or one billion kilowatt hours (kWh). Total electricity production has stayed almost on level with 2019. Production rose by just 0.5 TWh from the previous year. However, total electricity consumption decreased by 4.5 TWh, amounting to 81.6 TWh in 2020. Of total electricity consumption, 82 per cent was covered by domestic production and 18 per cent by net imports of electricity. Electricity is imported to Finland from the Nordic countries, Russia and Estonia. Net imports of electricity contracted by 25 per cent from the year before. In 2016 to 2019, net imports of electricity were at an exceptionally high level, when Finland's own electricity production covered under 80 per cent of consumption. In 2020, Finland’s production covered 82 per cent of consumption.