Population changes

Updated: 30 Oct 2018
Next update: 6 Jun 2019

Immigration Persons who have moved to Finland and intend to reside or have resided one whole year without interruption in Finland shall inform the register office of their place of residence (Population Data Act 507/1993). For those who intend to live permanently in Finland and have a valid residence permit for at least one year, the place of domicile is generally determined according to the same principles as with Finnish nationals (Act on the Municipality of Domicile 201/1994).

EmigrationThose who intend to leave the country for more than one year are primarily considered emigrants, barring diplomats and those working in development co-operation, etc. (Act on the Municipality of Domicile 201/1994)

Population change has cross-sectoral economic, labour policy, social and cultural effects on the development of society and economic sustainability. In the coming years, the development of Finland’s age structure together with other structural changes in the labour market will undermine the economic dependency ratio and the sustainability of public finances.


Net immigration lower than in the previous year in 2017

According to Statistics Finland, 31,797 persons moved to Finland in 2017, which was nine per cent fewer than one year earlier. The number of immigrants was 3,108 persons lower than in 2016. Emigration also decreased from the previous year. A total of 16,973 persons moved abroad from Finland, six per cent more than in the year before. The migration gain for Finland fell to 14,824 persons from the previous year's 16,823.