Population changes

Updated: 12 May 2021
Next update: 12 May 2022

Immigration Persons who have moved to Finland and intend to reside or have resided one whole year without interruption in Finland shall inform the register office of their place of residence (Population Data Act 507/1993). For those who intend to live permanently in Finland and have a valid residence permit for at least one year, the place of domicile is generally determined according to the same principles as with Finnish nationals (Act on the Municipality of Domicile 201/1994).

EmigrationThose who intend to leave the country for more than one year are primarily considered emigrants, barring diplomats and those working in development co-operation, etc. (Act on the Municipality of Domicile 201/1994)

Population change has cross-sectoral economic, labour policy, social and cultural effects on the development of society and economic sustainability. In the coming years, the development of Finland’s age structure together with other structural changes in the labour market will undermine the economic dependency ratio and the sustainability of public finances.


Finland's migration gain from abroad grew for the second year in a row

Finland's migration gain from abroad rose to 17,814 persons in 2020, from 15,495 persons in the previous year. The reason for the higher migration gain was especially a decrease in emigration. The number of emigrants from Finland was 15,084, which is over 2,000 fewer than in the previous year. A total of 32,898 persons moved from abroad to Finland, good 100 persons more than in the year before.

Finnish citizens’ return migration highest in at least 30 years

Finland’s migration gain from foreign citizens was 16,705 persons, which is 94 per cent of Finland's total migration gain. After a long negative period, net immigration by Finnish citizens turned positive, 1,109 in 2020. Immigration by Finnish citizens rose by over one thousand to 9,638 moves and emigration declined by good one thousand to 8,529 moves in 2020. Immigration by Finnish citizens was highest in at least 30 years in 2020.