Population changes

Updated: 17 Jun 2019
Next update: 5 Jun 2020

Immigration Persons who have moved to Finland and intend to reside or have resided one whole year without interruption in Finland shall inform the register office of their place of residence (Population Data Act 507/1993). For those who intend to live permanently in Finland and have a valid residence permit for at least one year, the place of domicile is generally determined according to the same principles as with Finnish nationals (Act on the Municipality of Domicile 201/1994).

EmigrationThose who intend to leave the country for more than one year are primarily considered emigrants, barring diplomats and those working in development co-operation, etc. (Act on the Municipality of Domicile 201/1994)

Population change has cross-sectoral economic, labour policy, social and cultural effects on the development of society and economic sustainability. In the coming years, the development of Finland’s age structure together with other structural changes in the labour market will undermine the economic dependency ratio and the sustainability of public finances.

   

Net migration clearly lower in 2018 than in the year before

According to Statistics Finland, the migration gain for Finland in 2018 decreased clearly as it was 19 per cent lower than in 2017. The migration gain for Finland decreased to 11,958 persons from the previous year's 14,824. The reason for the lower migration gain was a decrease in immigration and an increase in emigration. In 2018, altogether 31,106 persons moved to Finland from abroad and 19,148 persons moved abroad from Finland.