Employed persons by industry

Updated: 11 Apr 2019
Next update: 11 Apr 2020

A person is employed if he/she has during the survey week been in gainful employment at least one hour against wages or salary or fringe benefits, or to make profit, or has been temporarily absent from work. A person absent from work in the survey week is counted as employed if the reason for absence is maternity or paternity leave, own illness or if the absence has lasted under three months. Employed persons can be employees, self-employed or members of the same household working without actual pay in an enterprise owned by a family member. Standard Industrial Classification TOL 2008

The industry-specific examination of employment facilitates labour policy forecasting for the future development of Finland’s economic structure, labour market and its different industries. In future, Finland’s labour market faces major structural changes, which will create the need to develop flexibility in working life and employee mobility. In particular, there has been a shift from manufacturing to service sectors, while the changed economic operating environment has been reflected in changes in the quality of employment relationships. Working careers in the current labour market are increasingly individual and fragmented, while companies’ circumstances and life cycles are more difficult to predict.

The significant changes in the structure of working life also require that labour policy measures promote re-employment of workers and openness in business. A key role in the development of the labour market will be played by extensive training opportunities for workers, public investments to activate the business sector, and investments in the R&D activity of new growth sectors. An important factor in forecasting structural change is the efficiency of an active labour policy, which requires closer links between education and work as well as the faster employment this brings.


Number of employed persons increased in human health and social work activities, manufacturing and in wholesale and retail trade and decreased in financing and insurance activities

The number of employed persons grew in most industries in 2018. The industry of human health and social work activities (Q) grew by 13,000 employed persons, while in the previous year it decreased by 5,000. The industries of manufacturing (C) and wholesale and retail trade (G) both grew by 11,000 employed persons. The number of employed persons also increased in the industry of transportation and storage (H) and agriculture, forestry and fishing and mining and quarrying (A, B).

The number of employed persons continued growing in the industry of construction (F) by 11,000 and in information and communications activities (J) by 9,000. Business services (M, N) gained 8,000 more employed persons, almost all of them in the industry of professional, scientific and technical activities (M). In education (P) the growth continued by 3,000 employed persons from the previous year.

The number of employed persons decreased from the previous year in the industry of financial and insurance activities and real estate activities (K, L) by 4,000 persons. The number of employed persons also declined in electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply, water supply and sewerage (D, E) by 4,000 persons.