Employed persons by industry

Updated: 12 Apr 2018
Next update: 12 Apr 2019

A person is employed if he/she has during the survey week been in gainful employment at least one hour against wages or salary or fringe benefits, or to make profit, or has been temporarily absent from work. A person absent from work in the survey week is counted as employed if the reason for absence is maternity or paternity leave, own illness or if the absence has lasted under three months. Employed persons can be employees, self-employed or members of the same household working without actual pay in an enterprise owned by a family member. Standard Industrial Classification TOL 2008

The industry-specific examination of employment facilitates labour policy forecasting for the future development of Finland’s economic structure, labour market and its different industries. In future, Finland’s labour market faces major structural changes, which will create the need to develop flexibility in working life and employee mobility. In particular, there has been a shift from manufacturing to service sectors, while the changed economic operating environment has been reflected in changes in the quality of employment relationships. Working careers in the current labour market are increasingly individual and fragmented, while companies’ circumstances and life cycles are more difficult to predict.

The significant changes in the structure of working life also require that labour policy measures promote re-employment of workers and openness in business. A key role in the development of the labour market will be played by extensive training opportunities for workers, public investments to activate the business sector, and investments in the R&D activity of new growth sectors. An important factor in forecasting structural change is the efficiency of an active labour policy, which requires closer links between education and work as well as the faster employment this brings.


Number of employed persons increased in business activities, construction and education, decreased in trade and human health and social work activities

In 2017, the industry of business activities (M, N) made and upturn and grew by 12,000 persons and education (P) by 8,000 persons. Growth in the construction (F) industry continued with 8,000 persons. Financial and insurance activities and real estate activities (K, L) grew by 6,000 employees. In information and communication activities (J), the number of employed persons grew by 4,000, and other service activities (R-U) also continued growing by 4,000 employees.

Compared with the previous year, the number of employed persons decreased in wholesale and retail trade (G) by 9,000 persons. In human health and social work activities (Q), the number of employed persons declined by 5,000. This decrease was directed at human health activities and residential care activities, while the number of employed increased slightly in social work activities without accommodation. In manufacturing (C), the number of employed persons decreased especially in the manufacture of wood, paper and paper products. In agriculture, forestry and fishing and in mining (A, B), as well as in transportation and storage (H) the number of employed persons decreased slightly.