Offences against the Penal Code

Updated: 14 May 2020
Next update: 14 May 2021

The statistics on offences known to the police describe the regional distribution of offences and activities of the police. The statistics contain data on the types and numbers of detected offences. In addition, they examine the numbers of offences investigated and solved by the police, proportions of solved offences by type of offence and cases where reporting has been found ungrounded.

This figure indicates how many per cent of all offences which become known during a statistical year consist of offences solved. Therefore the figure may be higher than 100.


Thefts, frauds and sexual offences on the rise, traffic offences and infractions falling in 2019

A total of 818,500 offences and infractions were recorded in 2019 by the police, customs and border guard, which was 6.3 per cent fewer than one year before. Of these offences and infractions, 452,700 were offences against the Criminal Code. Their number increased by 2.1 per cent from the previous year. Most offences outside the Criminal Code consist of traffic infractions, violations of social welfare legislation on road traffic and motor vehicle infractions. Altogether, 334,400 cases of exceeding speed limits were reported, which is 13.5 per cent fewer than in the year before.

Most of the offences and infractions are recorded by the police. The police recorded 805,300 offences and infractions in 2019, which was 6.2 per cent fewer than one year before. Offences against the Criminal Code increased by 2.3 per cent. A total of 444,000 of them were recorded.

The customs recorded 7,900 offences and infractions of which 6,400 were offences against the Criminal Code. The border guard recorded 5,400 offences and infractions of which 2,400 were offences against the Criminal Code. Offences and infractions recorded by the customs decreased by 11.5 per cent and those recorded by the border guard decreased by 8.8 per cent.

During 2019, the police, customs and border guard solved a total of 648,300 offences and infractions, which is 6.7 per cent lower than in 2018. The clearance rate for all offences and infractions fell by 0.3 percentage points.