Offences against the Penal Code

Updated: 16 May 2019
Next update: 6 Jun 2019

The statistics on offences known to the police describe the regional distribution of offences and activities of the police. The statistics contain data on the types and numbers of detected offences. In addition, they examine the numbers of offences investigated and solved by the police, proportions of solved offences by type of offence and cases where reporting has been found ungrounded.

This figure indicates how many per cent of all offences which become known during a statistical year consist of offences solved. Therefore the figure may be higher than 100.

   

Property offences decreased, sexual and traffic offences increased in 2018

A total of 873,400 offences and infractions were recorded in 2018 by the police, customs and border guard, which was 1.3 per cent more than one year before. Of these offences and infractions, 443,500 were offences against the Criminal Code. Their number increased by 1.2 per cent from the previous year. Most offences outside the Criminal Code consists of traffic infractions, violations of social welfare legislation on road traffic and motor vehicle infractions. Altogether, 386,400 cases of exceeding speed limits were reported, which is three per cent more than in the year before. Exceeding of speed limits can be recorded either as endangerment of traffic safety or as traffic infractions, so their growth also explains the growth in offences against the Criminal Code.

Most of the offences and infractions are recorded by the police. The police recorded 858,600 offences and infractions in 2018, which was 1.4 per cent more than one year before. Offences against the Criminal Code increased by 1.2 per cent. A total of 433,900 of them were recorded.

Customs recorded 8,900 offences and infractions of which 7,400 were offences against the Criminal Code. The border guard recorded 5,900 offences and infractions of which 2,300 were offences against the Criminal Code. Offences and infractions recorded by customs decreased by 4.3 per cent and those recorded by the border guard increased by 3.4 per cent.

During 2018, the police, customs and border guard solved a total of 694,700 of offences and infractions, which is 7.8 per cent more than in 2017. The clearance rate of all offences and infractions rose by nearly five percentage points, but the clearance rate of offences against the Criminal Code decreased slightly.