Offences against the Penal Code

Updated: 12 May 2021
Next update: 14 May 2022

The statistics on offences known to the police describe the regional distribution of offences and activities of the police. The statistics contain data on the types and numbers of detected offences. In addition, they examine the numbers of offences investigated and solved by the police, proportions of solved offences by type of offence and cases where reporting has been found ungrounded.

This figure indicates how many per cent of all offences which become known during a statistical year consist of offences solved. Therefore the figure may be higher than 100.


Thefts, frauds and extortions on the rise in 2020

A total of 686,000 offences and infractions were recorded in 2020 by the police, customs and border guard, which was 16.2 per cent fewer than one year before. Of these offences and infractions, 543,400 were offences against the Criminal Code. Their number increased by 20 per cent from the previous year. Most offences outside the Criminal Code consists of traffic infractions, violations of social welfare legislation on road traffic and motor vehicle infractions. The Road Traffic Act was revised on 1 June 2020, and as a result of the reform an administrative sanction will be imposed for certain traffic infractions instead of a fine. For this reason, the number of traffic infractions in the statistics on offences has fallen considerably.

Most of the offences and infractions are recorded by the police. The police recorded 676,600 offences and infractions in 2020, which was 16 per cent fewer than one year before. Offences against the Criminal Code increased by 20.9 per cent. A total of 536,600 of them were recorded.

The customs recorded 6,500 offences and infractions of which 5,100 were offences against the Criminal Code. The border guard recorded 3,000 offences and infractions of which 1,700 were offences against the Criminal Code. Offences and infractions recorded by the customs decreased by 17.5 per cent and those recorded by the border guard decreased by 45 per cent.

During 2020, the police, customs and border guard solved a total of 507,800 offences and infractions, which is 22 per cent lower than in 2018. The number of offences against the Criminal Code was 313,400, which is up by 14 per cent on the year before.