Globalisation of entrepreneurship

Updated: 18 Dec 2017
Next update: 18 Dec 2018

The statistics on foreign affiliates in Finland describe the activities of foreign affiliates located in Finland. The data can be used to assess the global networking of enterprises, which is a part of the globalisation process. In addition, the data are used when describing the ownership structure of enterprises operating in Finland and assessing their attractiveness to foreign enterprises or other institutions. The statistics are based on Regulation (EC) No 716/2007 of the European Parliament and of the Council.

Statistics Finland has renewed its production of business statistics. The data of the statistics on foreign affiliates in Finland in 2013 are, therefore, not comparable with the previous releases of the same statistics. The main changes related to the Standard Industrial Classification, harmonisation of business data (e.g. turnover and personnel data) and enterprise reorganisations, as well as deduction rules, with which the enterprise of establishment group of the statistics is formed.


Swedish enterprises on a growth path in Finland

According to Statistics Finland's data, foreign enterprises located in Finland employed 243,350 persons in 2016. This was somewhat more than in the previous year. Enterprises from Sweden, the United States, Germany and the United Kingdom employed most people. The share of the personnel of Swedish enterprises among foreign enterprises located in Finland was as high as 35.5 per cent. Manufacturing was the most significant industry both measured by the number of personnel and turnover. Swedish enterprises employed 21 per cent of the personnel in manufacturing. The number of foreign enterprises grew slightly, to 4,570.

Foreign enterprises employ 17 per cent of the personnel of enterprises operating in Finland (Appendix figure 1). The share has not changed compared with the previous year. The share of turnover contracted slightly to 22 per cent of the turnover of enterprises operating in Finland. However, the shares vary considerably by industry.