Grain crop

Updated: 24 Nov 2021
Next update: 17 Feb 2022

Luke collects crop production information from approximately 6,100 farms, of which 700 are organic farms, using telephone interviews and an online service. The preliminary statistics include information from approximately 4,100 farms.


The 2021 cereal harvest is the smallest in the 2000s

This autumn’s cereal harvest totalled 2.6 million tons. It is nearly 30 per cent smaller than the average cereal harvest during the previous ten years. The last time the cereal harvest was as small was in 1992.

“Farms are generally facing a financially difficult situation. In 2018, the cereal harvest was also low at roughly 2.7 million tons. In addition to low yields in many recent years, farmers are concerned over the success of next summer’s sowing due to significant increases in fertiliser prices,” says Anneli Partala, senior statistician at the Natural Resources Institute Finland (Luke).

The lowest barley harvest in nearly 50 years

Barley is the most cultivated cereal in Finland. This year’s barley harvest of approximately one million tons accounts for 40 per cent of the total cereal harvest. The last time the barley harvest was as low was in 1974 when it remained under one million tons. In addition to its extensive use as feed, barley is an important raw material in the malt industry.

Alongside barley, oat, wheat and rye harvests were lower than on average. When examined over a ten-year period, the harvest levels of oats and rye were lower by one quarter and those of wheat by one fifth.

The organic harvest a quarter lower than in the previous year

Organic cereal production has increased steadily during the previous ten years. In 2021, the organic harvest was 113 million kilos, accounting for five per cent of the total cereal harvest. The organic cereal harvest puts a dent in the increase in production, even though the organic cereal area stayed nearly stable. Like the total cereal harvest, the organic harvest was more than 20 per cent lower than the 2020 harvest.