Suicides

Updated: 17 Dec 2018
Next update: 16 Dec 2019

Statistics Finland produces statistics on causes of death and on the development of mortality. The statistics on causes of death are compiled from data obtained from death certificates, which are supplemented with data from the population information system of the Population Register Centre.

The statistics on causes of death cover the persons who have died in Finland or abroad during the calendar year and who at the time of death were domiciled in Finland.

   

Increase in the number of suicides from previous years

The number of deaths from suicide has increased in two successive years. In 2017, altogether 824 persons committed suicide. This was over 30 suicides more than in the year before and over 90 more than in 2015. Despite the development in recent years, suicide mortality has decreased by over 20 per cent in ten years, by 22 per cent for men and 16 per cent for women.

The number of suicides has decreased relatively evenly since 1990, when more than 1,500 suicides were committed in Finland. Men’s suicide mortality has decreased more than women’s. However, men still commit clearly more suicides than women. Three out of four persons who committed suicide were men.

During the last ten years the decrease in suicide mortality is most clearly visible among middle-aged persons. In contrast, the suicide mortality among persons aged under 25 has not decreased in a similar way. The average age of those who committed suicide was 49 for women and 46 for men in 2017. More than 100 persons aged under 25 committed suicide.