GDP per capita
|Updated: 11.7.2013 - Next update: 11.7.2014|
Gross domestic product fell by 0.8 per cent in 2012
According to Statistics Finland's revised preliminary data, the volume of Finlands GDP contracted by 0.8 per cent in 2012. According to the initial preliminary data released in March, the decrease was 0.2 per cent. The GDP became revised downwards as new data on intermediate consumption in manufacturing and other industries became available. The preliminary data published in March were mainly based on turnover data.
Statistics Finland has also reviewed national accounts for the years 2010 to 2011. The volume of GDP grew by 3.4 per cent in 2010 (was 3.3 per cent) and by 2.7 per cent in 2011 (was 2.8 per cent).
Households' adjusted disposable income describing their economic well-being grew by 0.1 per cent in real terms last year. In addition to net income, adjusted income also takes into consideration the individual services that the public sector and organisations produce for households, such as educational, health and social services.
Demand items in the national economy remained at previous year's level. The volume of consumption expenditure grew only by 0.3 per cent. The volume of investments decreased by one per cent. The growth in inventories was considerably lower than the year before. The volume of exports shrunk by 0.2 per cent and that of imports by one per cent.
Development of total output worked in two directions last year. Value added in manufacturing decreased considerably. Especially value added in the electronics industry diminished. Value added grew in some industries like pharmaceutical products and pharmaceutical preparations, and energy supply. The share of total manufacturing of the added value of the whole national economy was exceptionally low at 19 per cent.Statistical release
Statistics Finland, Annual national accounts
Description of indicator
GDP, gross domestic product at market prices is the final result of the production activity of resident producer units. It can be defined in three ways: as the sum of gross value added of the various institutional sectors or the various industries plus taxes and less subsidies on products; as the sum of final uses of goods and services by resident institutional units (final consumption, gross capital formation, exports minus imports); as the sum of uses in the total economy generation of income account (compensation of employees, taxes on production and imports less subsidies, gross operating surplus and gross mixed income).
GDP per capita is often used in international comparisons as a measurement of national economy.
Gross domestic product (GDP) indicators can be used to make assessments about the development of the national economy and its relationship to the overall development of society. The long-term goal of Finland’s public finances is to achieve sustainable economic growth and financial balance. From the perspective of the balance and funding of public finances, the key factors affecting economic development are the productivity and job-creating potential of the economy. Supporting economic growth that creates jobs is an essential social policy objective for ensuring that the present funding of the welfare state and public finances are structurally sustainable.
The use of the GDP indicator as a measure of wellbeing has also been widely criticised, and many citizens and decision-makers have expressed a desire for another index to replace it. An indicator based on economic theory does not take into account, for example, environmental damage or financial inequality among citizens. On the other hand, one of the strengths of the GDP indicator is its robust statistical basis and international comparability. Moreover, national accounting, on which GDP is based, has been regularly adjusted to correspond with social changes and it has been expanded by incorporating within it satellite accounts relating to human wellbeing, use of natural resources and the state of the environment.