Fertility 

Updated: 14.4.2015 - Next update: 31.12.2013
   
 
 
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Number of births continued declining

According to Statistics Finland's data on population changes, the number of births decreased from the year before but the drop was, however, smaller than in the previous year. In 2014, altogether 57,232 children were born, which was 902 fewer than in the year before. Last time the number of births was lower in 2003, when 56,630 children were born. The number of births has now decreased for the fourth year in succession.

At the fertility rate prevailing in 2014, a woman gives birth to an average of 1.71 children, according to the 2013 fertility rate the number was 1.75 children. At the fertility rate prevailing in 2010, a woman would have given birth to an average of 1.87 children. Since 1969, the birth rate has been below the threshold on population's renewal, which is 2.1 children per woman.

The main reasons for decreasing births over the past four years seem to be connected to having a first and second child. One-half of the decrease in births is explained by the fact that in 2014, the number of first children born was clearly lower than in 2010. One-third of the drop is explained by the number of second children being born also being lower than before.

Last year, women who gave birth to their first child were on average 28.6 years of age. The average age remained unchanged from 2013 but over the past four years it has, however, risen by three decimals. Correspondingly, the average age of all women that gave birth increased by one decimal from the year before to 30.5, but over the past four years it has risen by four decimals.

Measured with the total fertility rate, the birth rate in the region of Lapland declined from 1.92 to 1.73 children per woman. The rate has last been lower than this in 1973, when it was 1.72. The birth rate of the entire country had also reached a trough at that time as the continuous drop that began in the late 1940s came to an end. At the fertility rate prevailing in 1973, a woman would have given birth to an average of 1.50 children.

Statistical release

Source:
Statistics Finland / Births


Description of indicator

The total fertility rate refers to the estimated number of children the woman gives birth to, provided that the fertility rate of that year prevails during the whole reproductive period of that woman on condition that she will not die before the end of the said period. The total fertility rate is obtained by adding together fertility rates calculated for one year.

The general fertility rate indicates the number of liveborn children per 1,000 women of the mean population aged 15 to 49. The age-specific fertility rate indicates the number of live births per 1,000 women of the mean population in the age group in question.