Fertility 

Updated: 8.4.2014 - Next update: 8.4.2015
   
 
 
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Number of births fell further

According to Statistics Finland's data on population changes, the number of births decreased clearly from the year before. In 2013, 58,134 children were born, which was 1,359 fewer than in the year before. The number of births has now decreased for the third year in succession.

At the fertility rate prevailing in 2013, a woman would give birth to an average of 1.75 children, according to the 2012 fertility rate the number was 1.80. Since 1969, the birth rate has been below the threshold on population's renewal, which is approximately 2.1 children per woman.

Examined by the age of the mother, the birth rate decreased most clearly for age groups under the age of 29 but also for mothers aged between 31 and 36. In 2013, especially the number of first children decreased from the year before. Women become mothers at ever later age. The mean age at first confinement rose by one decimal to 28.6 years in 2013. During the 2000s, the mean age at first confinement has risen by one year. The mean age of all women at confinement also rose by one decimal and was 30.4 years.

Measured with the total fertility rate, the birth rate was above the rate for the whole country in 14 regions. At the 2013 fertility rate, most children were born in the regions of Ostrobothnia and Kainuu: On average, 2.30 children per woman in Central Ostrobothnia, 2.24 in North Ostrobothnia and 2.02 in South Ostrobothnia and in Kainuu. The birth rate exceeded the threshold on population's renewal only in the two first mentioned regions. The lowest average birth rate of 1.58 was recorded in the region of Uusimaa.

In Finland's largest cities, the birth rate was highest in Oulu, where the total fertility rate was 2.03 in the five-year period between 2009 and 2013. The second highest rates were found in Espoo, 1.94 and Vantaa, 1.85. Respectively, the birth rate was lowest in Helsinki, where the total fertility rate was 1.35. The rate was 1.39 in Turku and 1.50 in Tampere.

Statistical release

Source:
Statistics Finland / Births


Description of indicator

The total fertility rate refers to the estimated number of children the woman gives birth to, provided that the fertility rate of that year prevails during the whole reproductive period of that woman on condition that she will not die before the end of the said period. The total fertility rate is obtained by adding together fertility rates calculated for one year.

The general fertility rate indicates the number of liveborn children per 1,000 women of the mean population aged 15 to 49. The age-specific fertility rate indicates the number of live births per 1,000 women of the mean population in the age group in question.