Fertility 

Updated: 14.4.2016 - Next update: 8.12.2016
   
 
 
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Fall in the number of births accelerated

According to Statistics Finland's data on population changes, the fall in the number of births accelerated compared to the year before. In 2015, altogether 55,472 children were born, which was 1,760 fewer than in the year before. The decrease in the number nearly doubled from 2014. The number of births was last lower than in 2015 in the year of exception 1868, when slightly under 44,000 children were born. However, the number of births in 2002 was almost the same as in 2015, only 83 more.

The number of births has now decreased for the fifth year in succession. At the birth rate prevailing in 2015, a woman would give birth to an average of 1.65 children, according to the 2014 birth rate the number was 1.71 children. The birth rate was last lower than 1.65 in 1987, when it was 1.59. Since 1969, the birth rate has been below the population regeneration rate, which is 2.1 children per woman.

Compared to the year before, the birth rate went down for women of all ages, most clearly for those aged 28 to 29. Examined by the age of the mother and the order of the child born, the lowering of births was directed to those aged under 30 having given birth to their first child and to those aged 28 to 29 and 32 to 33 having given birth to their second child. For those having given birth to their third child, the lowering of births was divided to both younger and older age groups.

Because the birth rate went down particularly among young people, it is not surprising that first-time mothers were slightly older than before. Last year, women who gave birth to their first child were, on average. 28.8 years of age. The average age rose by 0.2 years from the year before and in ten years it has risen by 0.9 years. Correspondingly, the average age of all women that gave birth went up by one decimal from the year before, to 30.6, but over the past ten years it has risen by five decimals.

Statistical release

Source:
Statistics Finland / Births


Description of indicator

The total fertility rate refers to the estimated number of children the woman gives birth to, provided that the fertility rate of that year prevails during the whole reproductive period of that woman on condition that she will not die before the end of the said period. The total fertility rate is obtained by adding together fertility rates calculated for one year.

The general fertility rate indicates the number of liveborn children per 1,000 women of the mean population aged 15 to 49. The age-specific fertility rate indicates the number of live births per 1,000 women of the mean population in the age group in question.