Population changes 

Updated: 17.5.2017 - Next update: 17.5.2018

Immigration rose to a new record level in 2016

According to Statistics Finland, 34,905 persons moved to Finland in 2016, which was 21 per cent more than one year earlier. The number of immigrants exceeded the record of 2013 by nearly 3,000 immigrants. Emigration also increased from the previous year, but clearly less than immigration. A total of 18,082 persons moved abroad from Finland, 11 per cent more than in the year before. The migration gain for Finland grew to 16,823 persons from the previous year's 12,441.

Statistics Finland / Population, Migration

Description of indicator

Immigration Persons who have moved to Finland and intend to reside or have resided one whole year without interruption in Finland shall inform the register office of their place of residence (Population Data Act 507/1993). For those who intend to live permanently in Finland and have a valid residence permit for at least one year, the place of domicile is generally determined according to the same principles as with Finnish nationals (Act on the Municipality of Domicile 201/1994).

EmigrationThose who intend to leave the country for more than one year are primarily considered emigrants, barring diplomats and those working in development co-operation, etc. (Act on the Municipality of Domicile 201/1994)

Population change has cross-sectoral economic, labour policy, social and cultural effects on the development of society and economic sustainability. In the coming years, the development of Finland’s age structure together with other structural changes in the labour market will undermine the economic dependency ratio and the sustainability of public finances. Achieving stable economic growth and financing the welfare state will require in future that the fall in labour input in the economy and the slowing of the rate of productivity growth are compensated by migration from abroad. Boosting the labour market and improving the operating environment for business will demand in future growing investment from the public sector in education, labour and immigration policy measures aimed at ensuring an adequate supply of skilled labour and a competitive labour market.