Population changes 

Updated: 17.5.2016 - Next update: 17.5.2017

Immigration gain decreased clearly from one year earlier

According to Statistics Finland, Finland’s gain in international migration decreased by 3,580 persons in 2015 from one year earlier. Last year, net immigration amounted to 12,441 persons, which was the smallest number in nine years. Finland received a migration gain of 14,737 persons from immigration of foreign citizens.

Statistics Finland / Population, Migration

Description of indicator

Persons who have moved to Finland and intend to reside or have resided one whole year without interruption in Finland shall inform the register office of their place of residence (Population Data Act 507/1993). For those who intend to live permanently in Finland and have a valid residence permit for at least one year, the place of domicile is generally determined according to the same principles as with Finnish nationals (Act on the Municipality of Domicile 201/1994).

Those who intend to leave the country for more than one year are primarily considered emigrants, barring diplomats and those working in development co-operation, etc. (Act on the Municipality of Domicile 201/1994)
Population change has cross-sectoral economic, labour policy, social and cultural effects on the development of society and economic sustainability. In the coming years, the development of Finland’s age structure together with other structural changes in the labour market will undermine the economic dependency ratio and the sustainability of public finances. Achieving stable economic growth and financing the welfare state will require in future that the fall in labour input in the economy and the slowing of the rate of productivity growth are compensated by migration from abroad. Boosting the labour market and improving the operating environment for business will demand in future growing investment from the public sector in education, labour and immigration policy measures aimed at ensuring an adequate supply of skilled labour and a competitive labour market.