Grain crop 

Updated: 25.2.2014 - Next update: 27.11.2014

Grain harvest exceeds four billion kilos

Last summer’s grain harvest estimate has been revised to 4.1 billion kilos in the Information Centre of the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry’s preliminary harvest statistics. The 2013 grain harvest is the biggest in four years.

Due to favourable weather conditions during the growing season, harvests of almost all arable crops were better than normal. Rainless days also enabled the harvesting of almost the entire sown area. The harvest data will be revised again in February 2014, at which time the statistics will include information from all farmers.

In Finland, the normal grain harvest has been between 3.6 and 4.2 billion kilos over the last couple of decades. Last summer’s harvest of 4.1 billion kilos is therefore at the top end. Years with high crop damage have pushed the average down.

Taking account of variations between growing seasons, Finland’s grain harvest has grown steadily throughout the one hundred years in which statistics have been compiled. Finland’s grain harvest first exceeded four billion kilos in 1990. The figure of four billion kilos has been exceeded six times between 2000 and 2013.

Barley accounts for half of Finland’s grain harvest. At approximately 1.9 billion kilos, the 2013 barley harvest is 20% higher than the year before. Most barley is grown for animal feed. A fifth of the harvest, i.e. approximately 400 million kilos, is sown for malting purposes. Oats are the second biggest crop. Finland’s oat harvest grew by 12% compared to 2012. At approximately 1.2 billion kilos, the 2013 harvest is the best in a decade.

Finland’s rye harvest was just 26 million kilos. The reasons for the fourth smallest rye harvest in Finland’s history were the crop's poor resistance to wintry conditions and the small cultivation area. Only the 1992, 1994 and 1999 rye harvests have been smaller. Rye is the only cereal imported to Finland on an almost regular basis. Finland’s rye harvest rarely satisfies demand, which stands at approximately 100 million kilos.

Tike, Information Centre of the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry

Description of indicator

This is information from the final harvest statistics released on 25 February 2014. The information about the harvest statistics is based on information provided by farmers. The information has been compiled from about 5,700 farmers through an online service and phone interviews. The final harvest statistics are based on the information supplied by all farmers (about 6,000) included in the survey.